Flor de Piña

A monument to Flor de Piña was erected to represent part of the culture of Tuxtepec. Specifically, it was chosen to capture the Flor de Piña dance in a bronze sculpture. Flor de Piña dance is new, was created in 1958 to represent the Papaloapan region in the annual festivities of the Guelaguetza in the city of Oaxaca.

Previous to Flor de Piña’s dance, the typical dances of Tuxtepec were the Son and the Fandango, even the Bamba was very popular, which identified the Oaxacan-Papaloapan region as Veracruz culture. Due to the remoteness of the Papaloapan basin and the isolation with the Oaxacan capital, these dances were not very well seen, that is why the Governor of Oaxaca ordered the creation of a new dance, one that was “more Oaxacan” to participate in the Guelaguetza. 

Guelaguetza means in Zapotec offering and the annual festivities of the Guelaguetza aim to show and offer the products of each region of Oaxaca. The task to present a new dance at the festivities of the Guelaguetza was not easy. First the pineapple was chosen as the typical product of the region. The costumes were inspired by the huipiles of each place in the Chinantla. Finally, the dance and the music were designed and that is how the Flor de Piña dance came alive. The dance was quickly adopted by the following generations of Tuxtepecans and the entire Chinantla region. In Ojitlán there is also a monument to Flor de Piña.

The Flor de Piña monument made by the sculptor Rubén Hernández Guerrero was inaugurated in 1998. The model of the sculpture was a Tuxtepecan girl chosen by the former mayor of Tuxtepec, Alfredo Ahuja. The model had participated in the 1998 Guelaguetza. The original monument was bronze, without colors. Later, it would be painted by orders of another mayor.

Monumento original con la modelo Lidia Medina Bautista. Foto: @PlataformaDigitalDiamante